"If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins." - Paul

Who is Jesus Christ?

- R. Totten - (c) 2003

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(To look up verses in an Online Bible, click: http://bible.gospelcom.net/)

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In God's written word --the Bible-- we are taught that Jesus is both God and man.

There is only one true almighty God. God is an invisible (non-physical) being with three personalities, called the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (Mat. 28:19). The Bible identifies Jesus Christ as God the Son, calling him the "Son of God." He is equal to God (Phlp. 2:6; Jn. 5:18; ).

The Son existed eternally as God before the world or anything in the universe was created (Jn. 1:1-4; 17:5; Heb. 1:8). At the time of creation ("in the beginning"), the Son of God was the creator of every single created thing (Jn. 1:1-4; Col. 1:16,17; Heb. 1:10). So, the Son himself was not created and had no beginning, but is eternal.

Forever he is also all-knowing (Jn. 2:25: 16:15; 21:17); all-powerful (Heb. 1:3; Col. 1:17); unchanging (Heb. 13:8); and holy (Lk. 1:35).

Then --about 2000 years ago-- the invisible and eternal Son of God voluntarily took onto himself a real human body (Jn. 1:14) as well as a human nature (Rom. 1:3), so that the person of the Son then had two distinct natures: divine and human. This taking of a human nature and body by God the Son is called the "incarnation," and this is what we celebrate at Christmas. The God-Man was named "Jesus." During his earthly ministry, however, the Son of God (in Jesus) self-limited his divine powers, and did not use his abilities such as being all-knowing and all-powerful (Php. 2:5-8). Because he was fully and genuinely human, Jesus needed food, water, and rest. His human nature was mortal, but his divine nature remained immortal. His human nature was tempted to sin, but Jesus never did sin (Heb. 4:15) --while his divine nature was not tempted and could never be tempted by evil (Jas. 1:13).

Finally, --because all mankind is dying in sin (Rom. 3:23; Eph. 2:1)-- God the Son (Jesus) loved mankind so much that he voluntarily laid down his life, dying on the cross to pay the death penalty for our sin (Rom. 6:23). His human nature and body underwent death as a substitute in our place (Rom. 5:8). His death satisfies God's just requirement of a death penalty for our sin (Rom. 3:25). Then Jesus rose bodily from the dead, and this proved that he was who he claimed to be (Rom. 1:4).

However, his payment of death only applies to those who are sorry before God for their sin, and who sincerely trust in Jesus (Rom. 3:26), and have asked Jesus to come into their life (1Jn. 5:12). To be saved from your sin, you must accept and receive him as your own personal Savior (Jn. 1:12), and surrender to him as your Lord, "Boss" and God (Heb. 5:9; 1Jn. 2:3; Lk. 6:6). -- He hears anyone who prays to him sincerely in truth.

For answers to common objections to Christ's deity, read: http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/deity.htm
For more explanation of Christ's two natures, read: http://www.carm.org/doctrine/2natures.htm

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